State system
Kyrgyzstan is an independent, secular, democratic and legal state. The political system is defined by the Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic, which was adopted on 27 June 2010. The new constitution defines the state form of governing as parliamentary republic.

The president is elected by popular vote to serve six years, without the right to a second term. One and the same person can not be elected President twice.

Legislative power is exercised by the Parliament - Jogorku-Kenesh. The parliament of Jogorku-Kenesh is unicameral and consists of 120 members, elected for five years by party lists. The parliament of Kyrgyzstan has priority in important government decisions.

Executive power in the Kyrgyz Republic is represented by the Government, its subordinate ministries, state committees, administrative departments and local administrations. The government is the highest executive body of the Kyrgyz Republic. The government is headed by the Prime Minister. The Government consists of the Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Ministers, ministers and chairmen of state committees. The structure of the government includes ministries and state committees. Head of the Government is Prime Minister, appointed by the Parliament at the proposal of the parliamentary faction of the majority (members of the political party which won more than 50 percent of the seats).

State symbolics

National Flag

State flag of Kyrgyz Republic is a red width in the center of which there is a sun disk with fourty equally divergent golden rays. Inside the sun disk the tunduk of Kyrgyz Yurt is drawn in red color.
The width of the flag is three fifth of its length. The diameter of the sunray disk is three fifth of its width. The ratio of the sun disk and the sunray disk is three to five. Diameter of Tunduk is the half of the diameter of the sunray disk.
The red monochrome of the flag symbolizes valor and courage. Vivifying effulgent golden sun, diving in its own rays is the symbol of eternal life and represents peace and wealth, aspiring the light and knowledge. 40 rays united in a circle mean 40 ancient tribes coming together into sole Kyrgyzstan.
Tunduk is the symbol of ancestral home in the wide meaning of the world as the universe. It represents not only the stability of the house, way of life, secular nation traditions, but also more deep philosophical union of the Earth and the sky. Tunduk symbolizes the union of the nations living in the country. The red color of the flag was the color of the flag of generous Manas.
Approved by Jogorku Kenesh on 3rd March of 1992.

National coat of arms

In the state coat of arms of Kyrgyzstan there is a golden eagle spreading its wings symbolizing the freedom of the country aspiring the best, generosity, vigilance and highness of thoughts of Kyrgyz nation living in the country of mountains. Water smooth surface of the pearl of Kyrgyzstan Issyk-Kul lake is the symbol of nature beauty and the spring of life and energy.
Mountain summits lightened by the sun look like the white Kyrgyz hats. Cotton and Wheat fringing the coat of arms tell us about Kyrgyz cultures' variety and of their union, merging all their difference in one sole unit - Kyrgyz nation.
Approved by Jogorku Kenesh on 14 of January of 1994.

National Anthem of the Kyrgyz Republic

It was approved by Jogorku Kenesh 18 December, 1992.
Lyrics: Zh. Sadykova, Sh. Kulueva.
Music: N. Davlesova, K. Moldobasanova.
Translation from Kyrgyz: K. Akmatova, M. Rudova.

High mountains, valleys and fields
Are our native, holy land.
Our fathers lived amidst the Ala-Too,
Always saving their motherland.

Kyrgyz people go ahead! ,
Go ahead to freedom!
Stand up and flourish!
Create your fortune!

We are open for freedom for ages.
Friendship and unity are in our hearts.
The land of Kyrgyzstan, our native state,
Shining in the rays of consent.

Kyrgyz people go ahead!
Go ahead to freedom!
Stand up and flourish!
Create your fortune!

Dreams of the people came true,
And the flag of liberty is over us.
The heritage of our fathers we will
Pass to our sons for the benefit of people.

Kyrgyz people go ahead!
Go ahead to freedom!
Stand up and flourish!
Create your fortune!
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